A penalty kick shall be taken from the penalty mark and, when it is being taken, all players, with the exception of the player taking the kick, properly identified, and the opposing goalkeeper, shall be on the pitch but outside the penalty area and at least 5 m from the penalty mark. The opposing goalkeeper must stand (without moving his feet) on his own goal line, between the goalposts, until the ball is in play. The player taking the kick must kick the ball forward; he shall not play the ball a second time until it has been touched or played by another player. The ball shall be deemed in play when it has travelled the distance of its circumference. A goal may be scored directly from such a penalty kick.

When a penalty kick is being taken during the normal course of play, or when time has been extended at halftime or full time to allow a penalty kick to be taken or retaken, a goal shall not be nullified if, before passing between the posts and under the crossbar, the ball touches either or both of the goalposts, or the crossbar, or the goalkeeper, or any combination of these, providing that no other infringement has occurred.

For any infringement of this Law:

  1. by the defending team, the kick shall be retaken if a goal has not resulted.

  2. by the attacking team, other than by the player taking the kick, if a goal is scored it shall be disallowed and the kick retaken.

  3. by the player taking the penalty kick after the ball is in play, a player of the opposing team shall take an indirect free kick from the penalty mark.

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